Jewish economy – Jews For Morality http://www.jewsformorality.org/ Mon, 11 Oct 2021 12:43:19 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 http://www.jewsformorality.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/icon-2021-07-09T151402.937-150x150.png Jewish economy – Jews For Morality http://www.jewsformorality.org/ 32 32 At a glance: Sewickley Wine Walk, Old Economy Village programs and more http://www.jewsformorality.org/at-a-glance-sewickley-wine-walk-old-economy-village-programs-and-more/ http://www.jewsformorality.org/at-a-glance-sewickley-wine-walk-old-economy-village-programs-and-more/#respond Mon, 11 Oct 2021 12:01:00 +0000 http://www.jewsformorality.org/at-a-glance-sewickley-wine-walk-old-economy-village-programs-and-more/ Sewickley Wine Walk The Sewickley Valley Chamber of Commerce’s 11th Annual Wine Walk is scheduled for November 3. Participants will be able to sample 30 premium wines as they roam the streets of the Sewickley business district. Early bird tickets are $ 35. Only 50 tickets will be available at the door on a first […]]]>

Sewickley Wine Walk

The Sewickley Valley Chamber of Commerce’s 11th Annual Wine Walk is scheduled for November 3. Participants will be able to sample 30 premium wines as they roam the streets of the Sewickley business district. Early bird tickets are $ 35. Only 50 tickets will be available at the door on a first come, first served basis. Food purchases are not included in the ticket price. For more information or to purchase tickets, visit sewickleychamberofcommerce.org.

Home school day programs

Old Economy Village in Ambridge will host home school day programs from 1:30 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. on October 20 and 22. The events will allow homeschool families to explore the village at a special educational rate of $ 5 per child and parent. or tutor. Students will have the chance to tour the buildings, try hands-on activities, see demonstrations, and learn about life in the 1830s. Registration is required.

For more information, contact museum educator David Miller at davmiller@pa.gov or 724-266-4500 ext. 110.

St. Matthew AME Zion Open House

Over the past two years, the community has been an integral part of an ambitious renovation project at St. Matthew AME Zion Church. The church invites the community to stop by for an open house from 1 p.m. to 4 p.m. on October 31, to visit the progress. Light refreshments will be served. The church is located at 345 Thorn Street in Sewickley. For more information, call 412-741-4239.

Music Plus at St. James Church

The Music Plus concert series at St. James Church, after a one-year hiatus, will begin its 2021-22 season on October 24 with James Houlik on tenor saxophone, assisted by Vahan Sargsyan on piano. The 50-minute main concert, titled “Unexpected Beauty: The Tenor Saxophone,” will begin at 3:00 p.m., preceded by a preconcert from 2:00 p.m. to 2:50 p.m. presented by the Amato music studio. Masks are recommended.

Houlik was critically acclaimed around the world as the preeminent saxophonist and introduced audiences to the unexpected beauty of the tenor saxophone.

He has performed with many of the world’s great orchestras, has performed in the East Room of the White House, and “The London Daily Mail” hails him as “the great saxophone virtuoso in the world”. With his captivating repertoire and convincing artistry, Houlik offers exciting and reliable performances.

He is a Saxophone Artist Lecturer at Carnegie Mellon University.

Houlik will sell CDs after the concert.

The voluntary offering at this concert will benefit the Sewickley Food Pantry, and gifts of cash or dry / paper / canned goods and toiletries are welcome. A representative of the pantry will be present.

St. James Church is located at 200 Walnut Street in Sewickley. For more information, call 412-741-6650.

Turkey trot

Registration is open for Sewickley Valley YMCA’s annual Turkey Trot 5K Run / Walk on Thanksgiving Day, November 25.

A joint project of the Heritage Valley Health System Foundation and the Sewickley Valley YMCA, the proceeds of which go to the YMCA’s Faith in Action program. Register before November 1 to receive a Turkey Trot long sleeve jersey.

Train for the Turkey Trot by signing up for the Leetsdale Snowflake Classic, which takes place on November 6 at Henle Park.

To register for either race, visit runsignup.com.

Clearance sale

Sewickley United Methodist Women will be holding a clearance sale for missions from 3 p.m. to 7 p.m. on November 5 and from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. on November 6 at the lower level of Sewickley United Methodist Church, located at 337 Broad Street. Little used household items, seasonal clothes, boots, shoes, books and Christmas items will be available. Please enter through Gate 10 from Thorn Street Aisle. For more information, contact Kristine Swaney at 412-741-2092.

Beth Samuel Jewish Center

Upcoming programs at the Beth Samuel Jewish Center include:

• Torah Yoga and Meditation class on Zoom, October 16 at 8:45 am.

Email BethSamuelOffice@comcast.net for more information or for Zoom connection links if needed.

Greater Pittsburgh Commercial Connection

The Greater Pittsburgh Business Connection, a benchmark group of business professionals, will meet on October 20 at Eat N ‘Park on Route 60 in Robinson Township for breakfast from 7:15 to 8:30 am Speakers will be Barbara DeJohn of Colonial Life and Rich Coyner of Minuteman Press.

To attend, become a member, or for more information, visit gpbc-pgh.org or call 412-364-6446 ext. 302.

]]>
http://www.jewsformorality.org/at-a-glance-sewickley-wine-walk-old-economy-village-programs-and-more/feed/ 0
Scottish religious leaders unite to demand an end to the ‘body blow’ of poverty http://www.jewsformorality.org/scottish-religious-leaders-unite-to-demand-an-end-to-the-body-blow-of-poverty/ http://www.jewsformorality.org/scottish-religious-leaders-unite-to-demand-an-end-to-the-body-blow-of-poverty/#respond Sun, 10 Oct 2021 04:00:00 +0000 http://www.jewsformorality.org/scottish-religious-leaders-unite-to-demand-an-end-to-the-body-blow-of-poverty/ FAITH Scottish leaders have called on governments to come together to help those living in poverty. Nine of the country’s top religious leaders issued a joint statement demanding action, saying allowing more people to fall into poverty “goes against everything we stand for as a society.” The Church of Scotland moderator also described the “body […]]]>

FAITH Scottish leaders have called on governments to come together to help those living in poverty.

Nine of the country’s top religious leaders issued a joint statement demanding action, saying allowing more people to fall into poverty “goes against everything we stand for as a society.”

The Church of Scotland moderator also described the “body blow” of cuts in universal credit, rising energy bills and food prices having a profound effect on already struggling Scots, and said reiterated its calls on the Scottish government to immediately overtake the Scottish Child. Payment, rather than doing it throughout the next legislature.

READ MORE: Opinion: Benefit cuts and rising cost of living are tragic, but it doesn’t have to be like this

He added that the Chancellor must consider wiping debts accumulated during the pandemic from those struggling the most, with a so-called jubilee payment.

The joint statement, signed by representatives of the Muslim Council of Scotland, the Catholic Church, Quakers and the Sikh community, among others, comes at the start of Challenge Poverty Week this week.

It also comes amid warnings that the UK government’s decision to slash the £ 20 increase in universal credit will plunge thousands of households further below the poverty line, as energy prices rise and demand increases. companies inflate the costs of goods and services due to supply chain issues.

In addition to calling for direct action to fight poverty, religious leaders say that climate change and the fight against global warming are also a key element in helping the poor and that the two crises are “linked”.

The letter states: “In Scotland, too many people currently live with the constant pressure of poverty, including one in four children.

“It goes against everything we stand for as a society. We need everyone with power and influence to take action to increase incomes and lower the cost of living.

“By doing this, we can stem the rising tide of poverty. ”

He continues: “Our experience serving communities in Scotland and hearing the stories of our international partners reminds us of the urgent need to work for a vision of a world where hunger, poverty and the exploitation of creation are eliminated. .

“Action is needed to strengthen communities, protect people living in poverty and whose voices are too often ignored, and mitigate the worst effects of global warming.

“We also recognize that these crises are intertwined and that it is people trapped in poverty who bear the greatest impacts of climate change.

“In the face of the challenges ahead, faith groups in Scotland share the hope of a Scotland free from the grip of poverty and responding to the climate crisis with the urgency it demands.

“This urgency must go hand in hand with our sense of compassion. ”

It was signed by Omar Afzal of the Muslim Council of Scotland; Lord Jim Wallace, Moderator of the General Assembly, Church of Scotland; Bishop William Nolan, Chairman of the Justice and Peace Commission of Scotland on behalf of the Scottish Conference of Catholic Bishops; Elizabeth Allen, General Assembly Clerk for Scotland, Religious Society of Friends (Quakers); the Reverend Neil MacMillan, Moderator of the Free Church of Scotland; the Reverend Paul Whittle, Moderator of the United Reformed Church of Scotland; the Reverend Thomas R. Wilson, President of the Congregational Federation in Scotland; Nicola Livingston – President of the Scottish Council of Jewish Communities and Charandeep Singh of Sikhs in Scotland.

They argue that the pandemic, current cost-of-living crises and climate change mean ‘now is the time to act’ and add: ‘By acting boldly we can rethink our economy and our public services so that they are support climate mitigation efforts. emergency, while freeing people from poverty.

“We call on all levels of government to use all the powers at their disposal to address the most pressing social, economic and environmental challenges we face.

“Now is the time to act, urgently, to build a green economy that helps create a more just and poverty-free Scotland. ”

Writing exclusively in the Herald on Sunday, Church of Scotland moderator Jim Wallace also urged government leaders to be bold in their ambitions to tackle climate change and reshape public services, way to reduce the burden of poverty.

He said: “If we are to be bold enough to rethink our economy and our public services to alleviate the climate emergency, it can certainly go hand in hand with an overhaul that can fight poverty. ”

Lord Wallace also said Holyrood’s ministers should be ‘backed’ in plans to ‘explore a guaranteed minimum income’, adding: ‘There is no shortage of ideas. What we would like to see is urgent action to meet the challenge. ”

Campaigners have warned for months that a “perfect storm” of rising energy prices, labor shortages and problems with the supply chain would result in more people living in below the poverty line, or simply struggling to meet daily household costs.

Boris Johnson, in his speech at the Conservative Party conference last week, insisted that the solution to the problem was to crack down on immigration to create a “highly skilled, high-wage” economy.

However, the companies fought back, saying his comments showed he had no idea of ​​the situation on the ground and felt blamed for the current labor shortage issues.

Labor leader Keir Starmer on Friday sought to capitalize on the growing divide between Mr Johnson and the business world, saying; “In a week where UK businesses are looking to government for solutions to the current supply chain chaos and growing shortage crisis, Boris Johnson has resorted to form – refusing to assume its responsibilities, offering only jokes and slogans. ”

]]>
http://www.jewsformorality.org/scottish-religious-leaders-unite-to-demand-an-end-to-the-body-blow-of-poverty/feed/ 0
Netflix’s ‘Squid Game’ arrived at the right time in the Jewish calendar – the forward http://www.jewsformorality.org/netflixs-squid-game-arrived-at-the-right-time-in-the-jewish-calendar-the-forward/ http://www.jewsformorality.org/netflixs-squid-game-arrived-at-the-right-time-in-the-jewish-calendar-the-forward/#respond Fri, 08 Oct 2021 13:55:00 +0000 http://www.jewsformorality.org/netflixs-squid-game-arrived-at-the-right-time-in-the-jewish-calendar-the-forward/ This article contains spoilers if you’ve always avoided seeing “Squid Game”. “Squid Game”, a Korean-language Netflix series, was a surprise hit; While executives expected it to be a major hit with its native audiences, it is currently on its way to becoming the platform’s most-watched series, with ever-growing interest, according to Ted Sarandos, co. – […]]]>

This article contains spoilers if you’ve always avoided seeing “Squid Game”.

“Squid Game”, a Korean-language Netflix series, was a surprise hit; While executives expected it to be a major hit with its native audiences, it is currently on its way to becoming the platform’s most-watched series, with ever-growing interest, according to Ted Sarandos, co. – CEO of Netflix.

The plot is a kind of “Hunger Games” that meets a Japanese game show. Over 400 people have been invited to compete for money without being told exactly what they will be doing; after consenting, they are picked up, drugged, and taken to a mysterious facility where they wake up in a giant room full of tiered beds and dressed in matching tracksuits marked with their assigned number.

The first game, a version of “Red Light, Green Light”, reveals the problem: when you mess up, you are instantly knocked out of a game with a ball, effectively knocked out of the field by masked guards and cremated; your family is never informed of your death. With each death, the prize money increases, pouring into a giant piggy bank lit by spotlights; the life of each person is calculated at 1 million Koreans won, or approximately $ 84,000. Yet despite their horror as over 200 of their contestants are murdered in this first match, the contestants keep playing and each successive match is worse and more moral.

Why would anyone agree? The answer, of course, is desperation; each candidate is deeply in debt, often with a parent or child depending on them or the expectations and honor of their families. They feel like they have no choice but to risk their lives and their morals by playing a deadly game.

It is therefore normal that “Squid Game” was released just at the beginning of the shmita year.

The Shmita years, which are first mentioned in Deuteronomy, occur every seven years and require us to reset both the land and the society by leaving the fields fallow and forgiving the debts. Today, most people believe that Shmita laws really only apply in Israel, and only when it comes to agriculture. Even then, the letter of the law is embraced on the mind; for example, greenhouse agriculture is not impacted because plants do not grow in literal soil.

Some Jewish activist groups use the texts of shmita to inspire or guide their work on climate change or social justice. But the idea of ​​literally following the laws, literally forgiving debt, or shutting down the economy is unimaginable today. If we gave up debt, the economy would collapse! I mean, right?

On the flip side, most millennials are drowning in college debt, and crowdfunding to pay insurmountable healthcare bills is basically its own category of so-called heartwarming but actually dystopian local reporting. The US government, which has trillions of dollars in debt, nearly defaulted on its bills this week.

Like its fellow Korean-language hit, “Parasite,” multiple Oscar-winning “Squid Game,” is essentially a class war horror film. It confuses the idea of ​​the American dream, that we are or have ever been on an equal footing, also capable of being successful, and that there is something like fair play in our economic system.

The games are run by a shady cabal of rich, disguised men from all over the world – they speak English, not Korean – who seem to believe they are leveling the playing field, giving desperate contestants a real chance at success, and they jealously do the integrity of the game.

When a competitor cheats by making deals with the masked and anonymously numbered guards in order to get clues about the content of the next game, he is hanged in public and the playmaker sincerely apologizes to the competitors for their inability to keep the game fair. Of course, anyone who stumbles in the next game will die, often murdered by their comrades, but that’s fine; it’s by the book – they all had an equal chance of winning, or killing each other, so that’s fair.

At one point, the contestants try to quit – they are allowed to end the games provided the majority agrees – and they return to their normal lives only to find that their days are almost as horrible and full. of moral dilemmas than games. Almost everyone comes back; as long as they’re in debt, even gambling madness is worth it.

Of course, nothing about this is fair. The indebted may be on the same level as each other, but they are still just toys for those in power, pitted against each other by wealthy puppeteers who amuse themselves in the struggles of humble competitors.

It can be almost impossible to imagine simply forgiving a debt or actually observing shmita in our modern capitalist society. But “Squid Game” is a clear story of what happens if we say no.

]]>
http://www.jewsformorality.org/netflixs-squid-game-arrived-at-the-right-time-in-the-jewish-calendar-the-forward/feed/ 0
Iran, Azerbaijan on the brink of war, but unlikely to overflow http://www.jewsformorality.org/iran-azerbaijan-on-the-brink-of-war-but-unlikely-to-overflow/ http://www.jewsformorality.org/iran-azerbaijan-on-the-brink-of-war-but-unlikely-to-overflow/#respond Thu, 07 Oct 2021 09:35:00 +0000 http://www.jewsformorality.org/iran-azerbaijan-on-the-brink-of-war-but-unlikely-to-overflow/ Iran has been concentrating troops and heavy vehicles on its border with Azerbaijan for weeks as tensions continue to mount. Several infantrymen, special forces and armored units, as well as several combat aircraft, helicopters and missile systems, are participating in military exercises on the Azerbaijani border. The “Conquerors of Khaybar”, the name given to the […]]]>

Iran has been concentrating troops and heavy vehicles on its border with Azerbaijan for weeks as tensions continue to mount. Several infantrymen, special forces and armored units, as well as several combat aircraft, helicopters and missile systems, are participating in military exercises on the Azerbaijani border.

The “Conquerors of Khaybar”, the name given to the drill, refers to a battle fought by Muhammed, the founder of Islam, against the Jews in 628 CE. This is an obvious reference to Azerbaijan’s close relations with Israel. Not only does Azerbaijan acquire Israeli weapons, many of which were used against the Armenians in Nagorno-Karabakh, but the Mossad has the legal right to operate in the Caucasus country as part of its acts of espionage and espionage against Iran.

In response, the Azeris announced joint military exercises with Turkey between October 5 and 8, dubbed “Indestructible Brotherhood 2021”. Officially, the maneuvers are aimed at improving cooperation and coordination between the ground forces of Turkey and Azerbaijan, but it is also a supposed message to Iran that Azerbaijan is not alone. In fact, Azerbaijan is so confident that one lawmaker even joked that the Pakistani army would invade Tehran if it made a hostile move against Baku, while another lawmaker threatened to cut off Iran’s tail. .

Tensions between Tehran and Baku have been escalating for months now, with no sign of relations improving or stabilizing. On October 5, Azerbaijan closed the Iranian spiritual leader’s office in Baku, a significant move to remind that only Iran, Azerbaijan, Iraq and Bahrain are Shia majority countries out of the 50 majority countries. Muslim across the world.

The closure of the Iranian spiritual leader’s office in Baku was a response to Iran’s closure of airspace to the Azerbaijani Air Force. This is a major decision, as the overflight of Iranian airspace was the most direct route for transporting reinforcements and military supplies to the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic from Azerbaijan proper. The two Azerbaijani territories are separated by the Armenian province of Syunik, hence the need for the Iranian air route. However, in order for Azerbaijan to reach its detached Autonomous Region, it must now take an extended bypass route over Georgia and Turkey. Iran’s move now adds extended travel time, which would be catastrophic if a war breaks out.

In addition, the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, tweeted on Sunday: “Those who, under the illusion of leaning on others, think they can provide security, know that they will soon be slapped.” The tweet also comes as it becomes known that Azerbaijan will soon acquire a batch of Israeli-made Arrow 3 anti-aircraft and anti-missile missiles.

After rhetorically supporting the joint Azerbaijani-Turkish invasion of Nagorno-Karabakh last year in a gross miscalculation of war intentions and goals, Tehran is now putting pressure on ongoing attempts to close the trade corridor between Iran and Armenia. Azerbaijani authorities recently announced that Iranian trucks heading to the Armenian capital of Yerevan, in addition to paying a transit fee of $ 300, will not be able to travel at night, but only during the day. After the Nagorno-Karabakh war of 2020, Azerbaijan captured part of the road that connects Iran to Yerevan, which is why Iranian Deputy Minister of Transport Kheirollah Khademi visited Armenia on Monday to express Tehran’s financial and technical support for a 400-kilometer transit road linking Iran’s border post from Nordooz to Yerevan, bypassing the territories held by the Azerbaijanis.

From an Iranian perspective, helping Armenia now is also part of their conflict with Israel, a country with which Yerevan has never had good relations, unlike Baku. According to Tehran, Israel has four bases in Azerbaijan. Even though Israel denies having its own bases, the Jewish state actually views Azerbaijan as part of its peripheral strategy – to build alliances with countries close to enemy states.

This wave of exchanges between Iran and Armenia, although the former strongly supported Azerbaijan in a rhetorical manner during last year’s war, is undoubtedly due to the complex dynamics created by the pursuit by Turkey of a neo-Ottoman and ideologically syncretic Pan-Turkish foreign policy. Turks, as well as their cultural and linguistic affinities, are also motivated to strengthen their relations with Azerbaijan so that they can collaborate in the energy field and establish trade corridors with Central Asia.

The confrontation between Iran and Azerbaijan can easily involve not only the Turks, but also the Israelis in a more meaningful way beyond arms sales and intelligence exchange. Tehran is taking a huge risk by threatening war with Azerbaijan as it could rekindle the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and drag Armenia, Turkey and possibly even Pakistan.

At the same time, despite all the bravado and confidence of Azerbaijan after defeating a weak Armenian army with the help of Turkey and Syrian mercenaries, Ankara is unlikely to allow a war as they recognize and understand Iran’s military might. While Baku is full of arrogance after last year’s victory, Turkey struggles to keep its economy afloat while maintaining its various military operations in the region. For this reason, a war between Iran and Azerbaijan is unlikely to break out because Turkey, which de facto controls a large part of the Azerbaijani army, will not allow its ally to provoke a war of the the same way it did with Armenia. Unlike Baku, Ankara understands that Iranian power is incomparable to that of Armenia.

READ MORE: Life Among Ghosts: One Year After the Nagorno-Karabakh War.

]]>
http://www.jewsformorality.org/iran-azerbaijan-on-the-brink-of-war-but-unlikely-to-overflow/feed/ 0
Inauguration of the Touro College of Osteopathic Medicine in Great Falls http://www.jewsformorality.org/inauguration-of-the-touro-college-of-osteopathic-medicine-in-great-falls/ http://www.jewsformorality.org/inauguration-of-the-touro-college-of-osteopathic-medicine-in-great-falls/#respond Wed, 06 Oct 2021 21:22:08 +0000 http://www.jewsformorality.org/inauguration-of-the-touro-college-of-osteopathic-medicine-in-great-falls/ John Goodnow, CEO of Benefis Health System, said Wednesday was a “very big day” for Great Falls. And he was right. About 100 people gathered at the corner of 18th Avenue South and 26th Street South late Wednesday morning for a historic groundbreaking ceremony for what will be the city’s first medical school. The Touro […]]]>

John Goodnow, CEO of Benefis Health System, said Wednesday was a “very big day” for Great Falls.

And he was right.

About 100 people gathered at the corner of 18th Avenue South and 26th Street South late Wednesday morning for a historic groundbreaking ceremony for what will be the city’s first medical school.

The Touro College of Osteopathic Medicine is a non-profit medical school that will accommodate 500 students. The school is expected to welcome its first class of students to Great Falls in 2023.

]]>
http://www.jewsformorality.org/inauguration-of-the-touro-college-of-osteopathic-medicine-in-great-falls/feed/ 0
How Anwar Sadat’s Open Door Policy Integrated Egypt into Developed Market Economies http://www.jewsformorality.org/how-anwar-sadats-open-door-policy-integrated-egypt-into-developed-market-economies/ http://www.jewsformorality.org/how-anwar-sadats-open-door-policy-integrated-egypt-into-developed-market-economies/#respond Tue, 05 Oct 2021 19:58:40 +0000 http://www.jewsformorality.org/how-anwar-sadats-open-door-policy-integrated-egypt-into-developed-market-economies/ LONDON: In the winter of 1973, Anwar Sadat was enjoying his time in the sun. He was “batal al-ubur” – the “hero of the crossing”. The 1973 war against Israel was a huge propaganda success, no matter how much different the reality is from how the Egyptian media portrayed it. After years of planning, the […]]]>

LONDON: In the winter of 1973, Anwar Sadat was enjoying his time in the sun. He was “batal al-ubur” – the “hero of the crossing”. The 1973 war against Israel was a huge propaganda success, no matter how much different the reality is from how the Egyptian media portrayed it.

After years of planning, the Egyptian army had successfully crossed the Suez Canal, catching the Israeli army unawares. National pride had been restored and the Egyptian public had bestowed a new title on Sadat.

But with us, Sadat’s problem was the state of the economy. The expectations of the Egyptian public were high after the military victory; the confrontation with Israel could no longer be used as an excuse for all the hardships they suffered.

The defeat of the 1967 war six years earlier had nearly bankrupted Egypt and seriously damaged the industry. Both inflation and external debt were high.

During his 14 years in power, Sadat’s predecessor Gamal Abdel Nasser had courted and won the support of the Soviet Union.

Together, Nasser and the Russians built the Second Aswan Dam, a project intended to launch Egypt on the dual track of industrial and agricultural development.

The ambitions had not been fully realized. The early years of the dam project were hit by youthful problems. Land downstream of the dam has been affected by increased salinity and waterlogging.

The defeat of the 1967 war six years earlier had nearly bankrupted Egypt and seriously damaged the industry. Both inflation and external debt were high. (AFP / File Photo)

When Sadat took power after Nasser’s death in 1970, the economy was still run according to the dictates of central planners.

Commodity prices were controlled and investments in projects were centrally dictated, resulting in widespread shortages and waste.

Egypt’s young population stood at 34.5 million, with growth rates of around 2.5%.

The economy has been hampered by low levels of productivity, a lack of proper education and a consequent shortage of skilled workers. Farmers were told what to plant. In today’s terminology, price indicators were not effective.

Other problems persisted. One of Nasser’s legacies was the creation of a huge public sector and an overregulated state economy, mimicking the Soviet Union.

It had opened up higher education to all and guaranteed a job for every graduate without worrying too much about the quality or relevance of the training.

University graduates flocked to ministries, municipalities and state-controlled businesses where security of tenure was guaranteed. This has resulted in low levels of productivity associated with a tendency to hamper innovation and entrepreneurship.

Nasser had also orchestrated the emigration of large communities of artisans, craftsmen and small Italian and Greek traders, the mutamasriyun.

While the reforms of the 1950s had shattered the power of the big landowners, these smaller players had been alienated by the state, which seized their property.

Between 1962 and 1964, for example, all land owned by foreigners was expropriated. The Jewish community had also practically fled the country in the 1950s.

INNUMBERS

* $ 3 billion – Excess of Egyptian food imports over exports in 1981.

* 90% – Share of foreign capital in the financing of public projects.

The result of the exodus was a collapse of municipal and other services and an absence of skilled workers in the public sector and in public services such as electricity supply.

Sadat had never been afraid of a challenge and liked the dramatic gesture. He had worked as a spy for the Germans during World War II against the British, then had been Nasser’s deputy. He decided to break with his predecessor by reopening Egypt to foreign investment.

This was the infitah – or openness – also known as open door economic policy. It was a package of liberalization measures linked to some political easing.

The policy involved a rejection of close ties with the Soviet Union, the establishment of closer relations with the United States and the Arab Gulf States, and the removal of the military from the economy.

After Nasser’s death, Sadat foreshadowed the reforms with a national action plan in 1971 and, by 1972, expelled thousands of Soviet military advisers.

In 1974 he promulgated a new investment regulation called Law 43. Tariffs were lowered and foreign banks were encouraged to return to the country. Sadat rolled back some of the confiscations of private property.

The main objective of the new law was to attract Arab and foreign investment capital. To this end, it created a new organization, the General Authority for Investments and Free Zones, under the aegis of the Ministry of the Economy.

According to Hadi Salehi Esfahani’s The Experience of Foreign Investment Under Infitah, the law provided incentives and included a promise to refrain from nationalization and confiscation of invested capital, except through legal proceedings. It exempted investors from a number of labor regulations; it granted an exemption of five to eight years from income tax; allowed a suspension of the payment of customs duties and allowed importation without a license.


In the winter of 1973, Anwar Sadat was enjoying his time in the sun. He was “batal al-ubur” – the “hero of the crossing”. (Provided)

The results were mixed, but the trajectory of the Egyptian economy was on the rise. According to “Egypt’s Development In the 1970s,” by Henry Bruton, private investment under Law 43 was slow at first, and did not reach 100 million Egyptian pounds ($ 6.6 million) until 1979. Investment was heavily concentrated in sectors such as banks, design offices, fast food restaurants and construction.

However, GDP growth rates reached 8-10% per year during the 1970s and the balance of payments developed favorably. Cotton and rice yields have increased significantly.

Towards the end of the decade, Egypt was aided overwhelmingly by a relatively sudden injection of foreign exchange as large oil and gas fields entered service and were monetized.

The economy was also supported by increased financial assistance from the United States, revenues from the Suez Canal, and the start of the Egyptian tourism industry. The canal had been closed in 1967 but Sadat reopened it in 1975. Revenue from ships passing through the canal began to flow to the Egyptian state.

The Gulf states have also opened up to Egyptian labor as their oil and gas reserves flowed in. It turned out to be a kind of double-edged sword for Sadat.

Many skilled and educated Egyptians chose to migrate to take advantage of the higher wages offered in the Gulf states and elsewhere. On the positive side, workers began to send money back, as they still do today.

Remittances rose from zero in 1971 to over $ 2.2 billion in 1979, according to official figures, but were likely higher if informal transfers are included.


When Sadat took power after Nasser’s death, the economy was still run according to the dictates of central planners – prices and investments were tightly controlled. (Provided)

The combination of workers’ remittances, oil and gas revenues, Suez Canal revenues and tourism revenues propelled foreign exchange reserves to $ 2.5 billion in 1980 from less than $ 0.5 billion in 1972.

But the budget deficit has swelled, inflation has skyrocketed, imports have increased dramatically, and income disparities have widened. Defense spending remained a heavy burden.

In 1977, the Central Bank began printing 20 pound notes. In 1979, the pound was devalued and then lost almost half of its value, for the first time falling below parity with the pound sterling.

In addition, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund were mandating an end to the subsidies on basic foodstuffs which were a major cause of the persistent budget deficits.

In 1977, Sadat announced price increases for flour, rice and cooking oil at the behest of the World Bank. This caused massive riots by the poor Egyptians.

Most of the major Egyptian cities have been hit by violence. More than 70 people have died. Fear of provoking similar levels of riots has gripped the Egyptian ruling classes ever since.

]]>
http://www.jewsformorality.org/how-anwar-sadats-open-door-policy-integrated-egypt-into-developed-market-economies/feed/ 0
Criticism of Ananyo Bhattacharya: The Man of the Future http://www.jewsformorality.org/criticism-of-ananyo-bhattacharya-the-man-of-the-future/ http://www.jewsformorality.org/criticism-of-ananyo-bhattacharya-the-man-of-the-future/#respond Tue, 05 Oct 2021 00:18:53 +0000 http://www.jewsformorality.org/criticism-of-ananyo-bhattacharya-the-man-of-the-future/ Königsberg in September 1930, to hear Kurt Gödel announce that Hilbert’s great program to put mathematics on a solid foundation is impossible, and he proved it. Maybe my character could also catch Alan Turing at Princeton where he corrects the evidence of On calculable numbers several years later? And having free access to the RAND […]]]>

Königsberg in September 1930, to hear Kurt Gödel announce that Hilbert’s great program to put mathematics on a solid foundation is impossible, and he proved it.

Maybe my character could also catch Alan Turing at Princeton where he corrects the evidence of On calculable numbers several years later? And having free access to the RAND Corporation in the 1940s as it pursued systems analysis and nuclear deterrence as a branch of game theory? We are surely extending the plausibility now.

And yet the fiction is redundant. One person not only tasted all of these backgrounds but played a key role in guiding their thinking. John (once János) von Neumann did all of these things and more.

As Ananyo Bhattacharya makes clear in this admirably compact treatment of his life, what made this possible was a surprising gift for mathematics. From his beginnings as a child prodigy in Budapest to his untimely death from cancer in his early fifties, he has amazed everyone, colleagues or not, with the speed and depth of his thinking. Along with the biography’s emphasis on individual life comes a temptation to overestimate a person’s historical significance, but it seems fair to claim that there was no one like von Neumann.

The list of his contributions to mathematics is long, which is perhaps why there are few biographies – there is so much to understand and try to explain. Bhattacharya, a seasoned science writer, is naturally selective about mathematics and focuses on work that has broader implications. There were plenty of them too, and he’s working on surprisingly clear accounts of quantum mechanics, Gödel’s theorem, and the physics of explosives – von Neumann’s contribution to Los Alamos was to find the optimal shapes for conventional charges. which compressed the fissile material. when the bomb exploded, triggering the nuclear explosion.

That’s not all. Doing justice to Johnny also calls for an exposition of the principles of computer design (which he summed up so masterfully that all the machines we rely on now use what is called von Neumann architecture) and the mathematics of game theory, which he introduced to the world in a massive book co-authored with economist Oskar Morgenster in 1950.

Von Neumann wrote numerous one-off mathematics articles which spawned new subfields of inquiry, but Game theory and economic behavior perhaps his most influential work. (Morgenstern’s main role was to emphasize the need for economists to think more about human behavior and trade-offs when people react to the actions of others.) Most of us now have some familiarity with ideas like games. sum or the dilemma, and game theory has been applied in contexts such as nuclear strategy, developments in Darwinian algebra (which explain how cooperation can be evolutionarily stable) and the writing rules for auctioning billion dollar rights to radio spectrum bands. From there, it quickly spread thanks to the algorithms used to structure income streams in internet advertising and commerce, an ever-growing part of the global economy.

It’s quite a legacy, and underscores how von Neumann, whose life after WWII was a series of relentless traveling consultations for businesses, governments, and civil and defense agencies, consistently brought his mathematical approach into areas where it could be applied in unexpected ways. manners. His last major effort in this vein was the development of the theory of self-replicating automata – artificial assemblages that, like living organisms, incorporate both information and the machinery to copy themselves. We are now inundated with speculation and real research on how these devices themselves might evolve. The origin of the powerful combination of ideas at play here is recognized by the designation of the self-replicators we could send to another star system as “von Neumann probes”.

If we don’t really have a clue what it was like to be Johnny, any normal mortal might have a hard time grasping this.Bhattacharya manages to cover this dazzling range of ideas in a clear and compelling manner in no more than 200 pages. The book is labeled as an intellectual biography. We learn the key facts of his life: that von Neumann, raised in a prosperous Jewish home in Budapest, was a bon vivant, fond of money, fast cars and parties, preferably well lubricated. But intellectual life is really sufficient for one author. And if we don’t really have a clue what it was like to be Johnny, any normal mortal might have a hard time grasping that. Was he subject to the loneliness that can afflict those who are invariably the smartest contributors to any conversation, yet be sociable in his own way? It seems likely, but if it does, neither he nor his relatives have hinted at it. We can reconstruct his thinking from his notes, books and articles, and from a host of historians and analysts. His emotional life is only glimpsed at the end of the book. Terrified of the end, he startled his friends by returning to the Catholicism that his family had embraced long before in Budapest. One can imagine that was little consolation. When cancer reached his brain, he finally destroyed what fellow countryman Edward Teller considered to be his long-standing addiction to the thought, “I think he suffered this loss more than I have ever seen any human.” suffer, ”Teller said. The quality of thought exhibited in this clever plan shows why.

@jonWturney

]]>
http://www.jewsformorality.org/criticism-of-ananyo-bhattacharya-the-man-of-the-future/feed/ 0
Can India counter the Taliban with the United Arab Emirates and Israel under the Abrahamic Accords? http://www.jewsformorality.org/can-india-counter-the-taliban-with-the-united-arab-emirates-and-israel-under-the-abrahamic-accords/ http://www.jewsformorality.org/can-india-counter-the-taliban-with-the-united-arab-emirates-and-israel-under-the-abrahamic-accords/#respond Mon, 04 Oct 2021 08:22:32 +0000 http://www.jewsformorality.org/can-india-counter-the-taliban-with-the-united-arab-emirates-and-israel-under-the-abrahamic-accords/ With Israel, India has a strong relationship in the field of defense, including the joint manufacture of military equipment, as well as in fields such as science and technology, agriculture, irrigation, start-ups. ups, the cloud, robotics and many more. India and Israel have established one, which, for example, would benefit from the participation of the […]]]>

With Israel, India has a strong relationship in the field of defense, including the joint manufacture of military equipment, as well as in fields such as science and technology, agriculture, irrigation, start-ups. ups, the cloud, robotics and many more. India and Israel have established one, which, for example, would benefit from the participation of the United Arab Emirates.

So there is a lot of potential for all three – India, Israel and the United Arab Emirates – in trade and economy, with India having a strong manufacturing base, Israeli technology and the United Arab Emirates l one of the largest sovereign wealth funds in the world. This would dovetail with Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s “Make in India” program, which is seeking a boost given the economy ravaged by COVID-19.

This necessitated the search for defense and strategic partnerships for GCC countries elsewhere. Israel and India both represent such partnerships. The three countries – India, Israel and the United Arab Emirates – face many similar defense and security challenges, such as cross-border threats and long coastlines. All three are strategically located. Israel’s border defense systems and drone technology remain among the best in the world. By indigenizing its defense production, India has embarked on a long-range Barak 8 surface-to-air missile system. trilateral defense.

]]>
http://www.jewsformorality.org/can-india-counter-the-taliban-with-the-united-arab-emirates-and-israel-under-the-abrahamic-accords/feed/ 0
UAE official says time to deal with Iran, Turkey rivalry http://www.jewsformorality.org/uae-official-says-time-to-deal-with-iran-turkey-rivalry/ http://www.jewsformorality.org/uae-official-says-time-to-deal-with-iran-turkey-rivalry/#respond Sun, 03 Oct 2021 13:25:00 +0000 http://www.jewsformorality.org/uae-official-says-time-to-deal-with-iran-turkey-rivalry/ United Arab Emirates Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Anwar Gargash speaks at an event at Chatham House in London, Britain, July 17, 2017. Photo: Reuters / Neil Hall / File. The UAE is trying to manage long-standing rivalries with Iran and Turkey through dialogue to avoid any further confrontation in the region as the […]]]>

United Arab Emirates Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Anwar Gargash speaks at an event at Chatham House in London, Britain, July 17, 2017. Photo: Reuters / Neil Hall / File.

The UAE is trying to manage long-standing rivalries with Iran and Turkey through dialogue to avoid any further confrontation in the region as the Gulf state focuses on its economy after COVID-19, said a senior official.

Anwar Gargash, diplomatic adviser to the president of the United Arab Emirates, told a conference on Saturday that there was uncertainty over the United States’ engagement in the region and concerns of an “impending cold war” between Washington and Beijing.

The Gulf states, which have close economic ties to China, also rely heavily on the US military umbrella and are closely monitoring talks between world powers and Iran to revive a 2015 nuclear pact as well as the Taliban’s return to power. power in Afghanistan after the withdrawal of the United States. .

“We will see in the coming period really what happens with regard to the American footprint in the region. I don’t think we know it yet, but Afghanistan is definitely a test and to be honest it is a very worrying test, ”Gargash said.

“Part of what we need to do is manage our region better. There is a void and every time there is a void there are problems, ”he told the World Policy Conference.

The UAE tried to defuse tensions by engaging with non-Arab Iran and Turkey, whose influence it had tried to counteract in conflicts in Yemen, Libya and elsewhere in the region.

The UAE and Saudi Arabia believe the 2015 nuclear pact was flawed because it did not address Iran’s missile program and regional proxy network. The UAE has also decided to fight Islamist groups such as the Muslim Brotherhood, which the Gulf states see as a threat to their dynastic system of government.

“Turkey’s recent review of its policies towards Egypt, the Muslim Brotherhood and towards Saudi Arabia and others is very welcome. And I think for us getting halfway there and reaching out is very important, ”Gargash said.

“The Turks have been very positive about what we tell them,” he said. “Am I very positive about Iran’s reach? Yes. Am I very certain that Iran will change its regional course? I have to say I’m more realistic here, but I bet Iran is also concerned about the void and the escalation. “

Gargash said the pandemic brought non-political priorities to the fore and a primary concern was now taken between the United States and China.

“We are all very worried about the impending cold war. This is bad news for all of us, because the idea of ​​choosing is problematic in the international system, and I think it will not be an easy task, ”he said.

]]>
http://www.jewsformorality.org/uae-official-says-time-to-deal-with-iran-turkey-rivalry/feed/ 0
Violent crime rises among Arabs in Israel as authorities admit negligence http://www.jewsformorality.org/violent-crime-rises-among-arabs-in-israel-as-authorities-admit-negligence/ http://www.jewsformorality.org/violent-crime-rises-among-arabs-in-israel-as-authorities-admit-negligence/#respond Sat, 02 Oct 2021 14:37:32 +0000 http://www.jewsformorality.org/violent-crime-rises-among-arabs-in-israel-as-authorities-admit-negligence/ TAIBEH, Israel – After a day of construction work, Alaa Sarsour, 25, showered, dressed and walked the short distance to the henna party before her friend’s wedding in an alleyway cobblestone adorned with ribbons in the old heart of Taibeh, an Arab city in central Israel. Suddenly, in the midst of the celebration, a flurry […]]]>

TAIBEH, Israel – After a day of construction work, Alaa Sarsour, 25, showered, dressed and walked the short distance to the henna party before her friend’s wedding in an alleyway cobblestone adorned with ribbons in the old heart of Taibeh, an Arab city in central Israel.

Suddenly, in the midst of the celebration, a flurry of wild bullets ripped through the cool night air, hitting Mr. Sarsour and five other guests. Mr Sarsour died on his brother’s lap, said relatives, apparently the victim of a latent feud between the shooter – a friend of the groom who had attended the party moments earlier – and a family member of Mr. Sarsour.

The last week’s shooting was just one of at least 16 killings in Arab communities in Israel last month, and one of nearly 100 so far this year.

Murders – not by Israeli soldiers but by Arab criminals – account for about 70 percent of all Israeli homicides, although Arabs make up just over 20 percent of the population. The outbreak of violence has shocked the country and highlighted what the government admits to have been decades of neglect of crime in Arab communities.

Prime Minister Naftali Bennett has called the violence a “national scourge” and will lead a new ministerial task force to tackle the problem which is due to meet on Sunday.

Omer Bar-Lev, who as Israel’s Minister of Public Security oversees the country’s police force, denounced what he said was “the prevailing assumption that as long as they kill each other, it is their problem ”.

The surge in killings gave rise to an “Arab Lives Matter” campaign. But unlike the Black Lives Matter movement in the United States, Arab leaders are imploring police action.

“Can’t the Israeli police really defeat a group of criminal gangs? Ayman Odeh, the leader of an Arab alliance in the Israeli parliament, asked during a protest last week. “Of course he does, but to put it simply, he treats us like his backyard.”

The number of homicides within the Arab community has skyrocketed in recent years, from 58 in 2013, according to police, to around 97 in 2020, and at least 98 so far this year. An Arab citizen of Israel is much more likely to be killed by another Arab than by the Israeli police, and more Arabs have been killed by Arabs in Israel so far this year than by Israeli security forces during clashes in the occupied West Bank, which receive much more attention.

Less than a quarter of the cases have been resolved, a symptom, critics say, of both police indifference and Arab mistrust of the police.

Of more than 3,300 shootings in Arab communities in 2019, only five percent resulted in indictments, which police say is the result of difficulty in gathering evidence and locating suspects and witnesses.

In a passionate Twitter thread the day after the wedding shooting in Taibeh, Public Security Minister Bar-Lev blamed decades of government neglect on the problems of Arab communities and said tackling crime was the central mission there of his ministry and the police.

Arab leaders, experts and government officials attribute the outbreak of internal violence primarily to the rise of well-armed Arab criminal organizations involved in usurious lending and protection racketeering, brutally enforced by ranks of unemployed and aimless youth eager to become infantry for easy money.

But personal grudges, small land disputes between neighbors or even small affronts between schoolchildren add to the numbers, sometimes degenerating into murderous clan vendettas. Guns have also been turned on women in cases of domestic violence and so-called “honor killings”.

Disputes easily become fatal because Arab communities are inundated with illegal weapons.

Estimates of illegal firearms in Arab communities range from tens of thousands to hundreds of thousands, although Israel’s Arab population numbers less than two million. “No one really knows how to quantify it,” explains Tomer Lotan, the director general of the Ministry of Public Security.

Arab politicians and activists staged mass protests calling for government intervention. The mothers of the victims marched from the northern city of Haifa to Jerusalem last year and in recent weeks have staged protests near Mr. Bar-Lev’s home.

“Every day they make promises and plans, including him,” said Watfa Jabali, 52, a trader and activist from Taibeh who lost a son to gun violence. “And we hear on the news about another murder and another and another.”

As the numbers have grown, the killings have become more and more brazen.

A month ago, 18-year-old Anas al-Wahwah, an outstanding student and young volunteer with the Israeli ambulance service, was shot dead at close range at noon while waiting for his mother in a car in central Lod, a mixed Judeo-Arab city. in central Israel.

Some are skeptical of the authorities’ intentions, believing that they have deliberately allowed violence to break out in order to weaken the Arab minority in Israel, which largely identifies as Palestinian.

“This is all part of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict,” said Jamal Fattum, 47, a lawyer and social activist from the Arab town of Nahef, in northern Israel. “We are part of the Palestinian people, who have national aspirations. “

Mr Fattum, who has helped organize protests against government violence and inaction, has at least 10 security cameras monitoring his upscale residence. But one night in April, her family woke up shooting at the house and a boom as their car caught fire. A bullet pierced the thick wooden front door and lodged high in the wall of his dining room.

Mr Fattum said he had no idea who the masked attackers were or what they might have wanted other than to silence him. Police investigated but made no arrests.

But in many cases, victims refuse to cooperate.

Whether it’s out of mistrust of the police, fear of revenge, or both, according to officials and experts, witnesses and relatives of victims often stick to a code of silence. Some crime scenes are cleaned up before the police arrive.

In the case of the wedding, a suspect was quickly apprehended. But once the case was brought to court, the groom’s father, Nasser Barabra, said there would be no witnesses even if the shooter was unmasked.

“We didn’t see anything,” said Barabra, a house painter. Speaking at his home a day after the family switched from Mr Sarsour’s funeral to what they said was a joyless wedding ceremony, he added: “Some people are walking around with guns and others with fear. “

Relatives of the victim, in mourning in a nearby house, said they did not know the identity of the shooter, who was a neighbor. They were scared, they said, and wanted no more problems.

Successive Israeli governments have made promises and proposed plans of action. A commission comprising the heads of several ministries and representatives of Arab local councils studied the problem in 2020 and determined that the informal financial industry that is the source of so much violence arose out of the fact that Arabs traditionally depend on a economy based on cash and often do not have access to regular banking services. .

Lack of building permits and space for new housing in cramped Arab towns and villages has led to violent land disputes and prevents obtaining mortgages or loans from banks, making society Arab vulnerable to loan sharks, extortion and ruthless debt collectors.

The illegal weapons that flood Arab towns are often stolen from the military or smuggled across the border from Jordan, according to the state comptroller, the government’s watchdog. Improvised weapons are manufactured in the West Bank and airsoft pellet guns that can be ordered from Amazon have been adapted to fire real bullets, according to the controller’s reports.

The military said it was working with police and security groups to reduce gun theft from its bases and improved surveillance measures. It has reported 80 cases of stolen weapons in 2020 and 21 cases so far this year.

The explosion of inter-communal violence that rocked Israel last May has also served as a catalyst for more urgent action by the authorities, raising fears that the guns have been turned on the Jewish public.

Mr Lotan, from the Ministry of Public Security, said the government had a detailed plan ready to be implemented once the state budget is adopted in November. He calls for the recruitment of 1,100 additional police officers, legislative changes to fight economic crime more effectively, greater use of technology and an improved witness protection program, all measures to improve access and trust in Arab communities.

Mr Bennett has offered to enlist the Shin Bet, Israel’s internal security agency, in the campaign, although this has become a point of contention with many opposing the use of counterterrorism means against civilians.

“You need a firm hand against organizations and guns,” Lotan said, “and at the same time, you need to keep working on the big social issues”, what he called “the huge inequality in all spheres “.

Clearly, more police officers alone is not the solution. In the nearby town of Tamra, when the police took action, it ended in tragedy.

One night in February, masked gunmen shot at a house in a densely populated residential area, telling the owner they would be back two days later to collect money, according to the town’s mayor, the Dr Suheil Diab. On their return, one of them armed with an M16 assault rifle, a police SWAT team awaited them in ambush.

The bullets began to fly. Across the street, Ahmad Hijazi, a nursing student who was visiting a friend, ran out when he heard calls for help and was shot dead. The friend’s brother, Muhammad Armoush, a doctor, followed him and was shot in the foot.

One of the gunmen was killed, another was seriously injured and arrested. A third escaped.

Dr Armoush said he saw police target himself and Mr Hijazi, apparently finding them suspect. Police investigators have yet to determine whether it was their bullets or those of the criminals that hit Dr Armoush and Mr Hijazi.

Sitting on his porch at dusk a recent evening, above the street where the shooting took place, Dr Armoush was emotional and exasperated.

“After what happened to us, I expected a change,” he said. “So yesterday someone went to a wedding …”

Rawan Sheikh Ahmad contributed reporting.

]]>
http://www.jewsformorality.org/violent-crime-rises-among-arabs-in-israel-as-authorities-admit-negligence/feed/ 0